* Hokkaido Travel Tips的部落格
收集並保存0圓觀光景點和部分需付費的必看景點,而且也介紹美食及土特產的情報。

*Hokkaido Travel Tips’ Blog
We compile information on “0 yen tourist spots” and “must-see paid spots with extra benefits” and then keep them in our blog as archives for your convenience. We also introduce the food of Hokkaido and interesting souvenirs to take home.

www.hokkaidotraveltips.com

2019年1月31日木曜日

懷石 / Kaiseki (Cha Kaiseki)

「懷石」是日本料理形式的一種。為了區別同樣日語發音(漢字寫法不同)的「會席」,也被稱作茶懷石。懷石與日本的茶道共同發展。在喝茶之前,為了避免空腹喝茶而提供的料理就是懷石料理。現今,在飲食業中多是作為輕食或是少量套餐料理的含義而使用這個詞彙。原本的含義是作為為了要品茶的美味而準備的料理。

Kaiseki is a genre of Japanese cuisine. Sometimes it is called Cha Kaiseki to distinguish it from the identically named genre, Kaiseki (Kaiseki Ryori). Kaiseki (Cha Kaiseki) is a light meal before enjoying tea in the process of a Japanese tea ceremony. Before drinking tea, in case of participant being hungry, the tea couldn't be fully enjoyed. When one was invited to a tea ceremony, a light meal was served historically. It’s Cha Kaiseki; Cha means tea. Nowadays, the meaning has changed. In restaurants, Kaiseki stands for just a light meal which consists of several small dishes as a course.

Photo from Wikipedia





精進料理(素食料理) / Shojin Ryori

精進料理(素食料理)是基於佛教的戒律,不使用動物性食材的料理。在亞洲的各個國家都可看到素食料理,日本式的精進料理也有日本獨有的特色。日本的精進料理是使用昆布、紅豆、黃豆、葫蘆干、乾香菇、甜菜、牛蒡等食材來熬高湯。日本料理上常使用的味醂因為含有酒精,因此不用在精進料理上。

Shojin Ryori is a category of Japanese cuisine. Shojin literally stands for purifying or devoting oneself to something. Shojin Ryori is based on the ideas of Buddhism, and doesn’t use any meat or animal proteins. Actually, it’s seen in various Asian countries, but the style and ingredients are slightly different. As dashi (soup stock) has an important role in Japanese cuisine, kombu (kelp), red beans, soy beans, kanpyou (dried gourd), dried shiitake (mushroom), turnip, and gobou (edible burdock) are typically used to make the stock. Mirin is a very important seasoning in Japanese, but it’s not used because it contains traces of alcohol.

Photo from Wikipedia




一汁三菜 / Ichijyu Sansai


「一汁三菜」是日本料理菜單的基本構成。這句話是用來表現傳統上日本家常料理的理想菜單組合。其基本構成為米飯和味增湯等一道湯品、一道肉類或海鮮等葷菜,以及蔬菜或海藻、豆腐等植物性菜餚做為副菜二道。在餐廳之類的定食套餐的構成也大多是這種形式。

Ichijyu Sansai is a key part of understanding the concept of Japanese cuisine. It’s a fundamental way of thinking for cooking meals, especially in the home. Ichijyu literally stands for one soup, and Sansai stands for three side dishes. Basically, one bowl of rice and one soup, such as miso soup, are the staples. Then, one main dish using meat or seafood as animal protein, and two other side dishes using vegetables, seaweed, or tofu as vegetable food are traditionally said to be typical and fundamental. This concept is typically seen in set meals, or Teishoku, in restaurants.

https://www.cotogoto.jp/…/2017/04/kihon_ichizyuusannsai.html




日本料理的特徵 / The character of Japanese cuisine

日本料理的特徵是利用食材本來的味道,注重當季食材的季節感。對比西洋料理,也以「和食」的名稱來稱呼日本料理。和食在2013年被註冊為UNESCO(聯合國教科文組織)的非物質文化遺產。日本料理有精進料理、茶懷石、會席料理、年菜等各種形式。此外,日常膳食的代表也有被稱為汁三菜(三菜一湯)的構成。

The character of Japanese cuisine consists of two things. One is to make use of the natural tastes of the ingredients themselves, and the other is to value the sense of seasons. Japanese cuisine is also sometimes called Washoku. Wa stands for Japan or Japanese style, and Shoku stands for eating or diet. Yoshoku is it's foreign counterpart. Yo stands for Western style. In 2013, Washoku was designated as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. In Japanese cuisine there are different categories; Shojin, Chakaiseki, Kaiseki, Osechi, and so on. For a balanced daily diet, Ichiju Sansai (one soup and three dishes) is an important keyword.

Photo from Wikipedia





2019 札幌雪祭10丁目的大雪像/ / 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large snow sculpture at 10-chome site

星際大戰
星際大戰的最新系列作品決定在2019年的冬天上映。在札幌雪祭的大型雪雕用星際大戰做主題已經是第三次。但是,今年預定舉行大規模的表演。除了有人氣角色的R2-D2C-3PO的登場之外,新系列的BB-8也會登場。
此外,也會製作戰鬥機X-Wing

The theme of the large snow sculpture at the 10-chome site is Star Wars. In 2019, the new film, titled “Episode IX”, will be released on the big screen. 2019 is the third year that Sapporo Snow Festival has included a Star Wars sculpture. The past two times, many fans from around the world were amazed at the size. This year, a new entertainment concept, using new technology, is going to be shown. R2-D2, C-3PO and BB-8 will be made from snow, as well as the X-Wing fighter space plane.






2019 札幌雪祭8丁目的大雪像/ / 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large snow sculpture at 8-chome site

RED BEAR
RED BEARJR貨物柴油機車「DF200」的暱稱。連結全日本242處貨物車站,一日中約有500輛貨物列車運行。總行駛距離大約為繞地球5圈。從北海道運送許多農產品到日本各地。北海道產的馬鈴薯中約四成,洋蔥約七成是透過鐵路來運送到本州。

The theme of the large snow sculpture at the 8-chome site is Red Bear. It is the nickname of the DF200, which is a locomotive used by Japan Rail Freight. The number of all DF200s running on a typical day is about 500. They carry a lot of cargo between 242 stations throughout Japan. The total distance across which the rails extend is about 200,000 kilometers, which is equivalent to circumnavigating the globe five times. From Hokkaido, a lot of agricultural products are transferred to all parts of Japan. About 40 percent of potatoes and 70 percent of onions produced in Hokkaido are sent to Honshu.









2019 札幌雪祭7丁目的大雪像/ / 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large snow sculpture at 7-chome site

赫爾辛基大教堂
2019年是日本與芬蘭樹立外交100週年紀念。芬蘭的首都-赫爾辛基是面向波羅的海的都市。此大聖堂位在赫爾辛基的城鎮中央,乃是城鎮的象徵。屋頂上有12位聖徒的雕像。此外,外牆的上部裝飾了令人驚嘆的浮雕畫。新古典主義風格的建築物在1852年完成。

The theme of the large snow sculpture at the 7-chome site is Helsinki Cathedral in Finland, which was completed in 1852. 2019 is the 100th anniversary of when Finland and Japan began a friendship officially. Helsinki, the capital city of Finland, faces the Baltic Sea, and presides over beautiful landscapes. This cathedral standing at the center of the city is their icon and landmark. The walls are white and the domes are green. This contrast of colors makes for something impressive. On the upper parts of the outer building, there are sculptures of 12 angels, as well as relief design. The architecture is of the neo-classic school.













2019 札幌雪祭5丁目大冰雕/ 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large ice sculpture at Odori 5-chome site

台灣-玉山和高雄站
玉山幾乎在台灣的中央位置,為海拔3952公尺的高山。是台灣最高的山,周圍為自然生態保護區。玉山有美麗的自然和豐富的動植物共存,是著名的觀光景點。201427日,玉山和日本的富士山締結了友好山脈聯盟。在1940年所建造的舊高雄站則是成為街景的象徵並保存,現在作為博物館來使用。

The theme of the large ice sculpture at the 5-chome West site is Mt. Jade and the former Kaohsiung Station. Mt. Jade is the highest peak in Taiwan at 3952 meters. The area surrounding the mountain is a nature reserve. Because of beautiful nature with different animals and plants, it’s a popular destination. In 2014, a friendship agreement between Mt. Jade and Mt. Fuji was established. The former Kaohsiung Station, built in 1940, remains a symbol of Taiwan. It has been preserved, and is now being used as a museum of its construction. In the future, the former and present Kaohsiung Stations will be connected.





2019 札幌雪祭4丁目的大雪像/ / 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large snow sculpture at 4-chome site

初音未來&戶山香澄
以音樂的樂趣為主題的大型雪雕。挑戰將看不見的東西以實體來表現。虛擬歌手-初音未來和手機遊戲「BanG Dream!少女樂團派對」的角色-戶山香澄組成的二人組特殊組合。在冬季札幌的雪景舞台上持續展開特殊的演奏會。

The theme of the large snow sculpture at the 4-chome site is the fun of music. It features two singers, Hatsune Miku and Toyama Kasumi. They are characters based on virtual reality. Hatsune Miku is a virtual singer created using software which enables her to sing a song that users 
upload. Toyama Kasumi is a character from a gaming app for smartphones  - BanG Dream Poppin'Party. This snow sculpture shows a limited session for Sapporo Snow Festival.  A special music show which implements projection mapping will be held every night. The lights and music are to entertain viewers.





2019 札幌雪祭5丁目的大雪像 / 2019 Sapporo Snow Festival Large snow sculpture at 5-chome site

穿越北海道!純種馬
北海道是賽馬的一大產地。日本的賽馬有98%是在北海道的日高地區和胆振地區出生,至今也產生了數匹名馬。兩匹馬的背後製作了札幌時鐘塔、羊之丘展望台的克拉克博士像、北海道廳舊本廳舍(紅磚瓦廳舍)等的雪像。設計了飛越的馬匹表現極力祈願北海道的發展。

The theme of the large snow sculpture at the 5-chome East site is thoroughbred horse racing in the vast lands of Hokkaido. Hokkaido is famous for the breeding of racehorses, with 98 % of race horses in Japan coming from the Hidaka and Iburi areas of the island. Behind two running horses, snow sculptures of Sapporo Clock Tower, the statue of Dr. William S. Clark on Hitsujigaoka Observation Hill, and the Former Hokkaido Government Office Building stand. The inclusion of running horses in the design suggests that Hokkaido will develop strongly, even in spite of natural disasters. In September 2018, a big earthquake hit Hokkaido.








章魚 / Octopus

北海道的章魚漁獲量是日本第一。雖然可以捕獲數種章魚,70%是體重超過20公斤的大型北太平洋巨型章魚。大多棲息在日本海和鄂霍次克海地區。口感彈牙,主要受到歡迎的料理方式為壽司、生魚片、涮涮鍋。一方面,以太平洋地區為中心可以捕獲到的是短腿蛸。除了生魚片,章魚燒和炸章魚塊也是受歡迎的料理方式。

Hokkaido is the biggest fishing prefecture in Japan when it comes to the annual octopus catch. There are a number of species but approximately 70% of the catch is mizudako - the prevalent species of the octopus family. It’s not uncommon to catch octopus weighing more than 20 kilograms. Mizudako mainly live in the area of Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk. As the texture is juicy and soft, it’s typically used for sushi, sashimi, and shabu shabu. On the other hand, yanagidako is another popular octopus. Yanagidako mainly live in Pacific Ocean. It’s used for sashimi also, but takoyaki (octopus balls) or deep-fried are popular cooking methods.



2019年1月10日木曜日

御飯團 / Onigiri

御飯團是日本的米飯料理的代表菜色。從家庭中日常的帶便當,出外野餐等出門的時候,在各種不同的場合吃御飯。因為與白米飯很搭配,飯的配料大多口味很重(也有防腐作用)。古早前就使用的經典配料有梅干、柴魚片、滷昆布等。在御飯專賣店也可以看到特殊的配料。日本的便利商店中鮪魚美乃滋御飯團則是經典商品。
Photo from Wikipedia

Onigiri is translated as rice ball in English, but its significance to the Japanese lifestyle and cuisine in particular is present at every turn. Onigiri are eaten in various situations. In the home, they're made for lunch in everyday life, or for picnics and such. It has been a handy meal for hundreds of years. Traditionally, ingredients which are a little salty or sour are popular because of the taste itself and their 'shelf life.' Pickled ume (Japanese plum), dried bonito with soy sauce and boiled kombu kelp are common ingredients. At onigiri specialty shops, they have signature recipes. At convenience stores, tuna with mayonnaise is popular.
Photo from Wikipedia



散壽司 / Chirashi-zushi

散壽司是在醋飯上放數種食材的一種壽司。聽到「壽司」很容易聯想到在一口大小的醋飯上放生魚片的握壽司。然而實際上,在日本有各個種類的壽司,散壽司是其中的一種。一般來說是在家庭中有什麼喜慶的日子裡吃的料理。通常使用的材料有滷香菇、葫蘆干、炸豆皮和胡蘿蔔。
Photo from Wikipedia

Chirashi-zushi is a kind of sushi, with several cooked ingredients placed atop vinegared rice (sumeshi). Su means vinegar and meshi stands for rice. People outside may perhaps think sushi is just like fresh sashimi which comes as a bite size rice serving which is called Nigiri-zushi. However, we have many types of sushi, and Chirashi-zushi is one of them. At home, Chirashi-zushi is usually cooked on a happy days of celebration. Toppings such as shiitake mushroom, dried gourd shavings, deep-fried tofu, carrot and strings of fried egg are commonly used.
Photo from Wikipedia






除夜敲鐘儀式 / Joya-no Kane

「除夜敲鐘儀式」是日本的佛教寺院在除夕和初一之間的期間舉行的活動。除夜就是日本的除夕當晚(西曆1231日夜晚),間於深夜0點之間的期間,會敲擊寺院的大鐘。一般來說除夜敲鐘會敲擊108次。為什麼是108次雖然有諸多由來。最有力的說法是在佛教的世界觀中人間有108個煩惱,靠著敲鐘可以把煩惱消除。

Joya-no Kane is a special event held in Buddhist temples in Japan over the the transition from the old to the new year. Joya means December 31st, which is a very special day in Japanese culture. Kane means bell in English. At each Buddhist temple, they hit a bell 108 times. It’s not a countdown for the coming year, because the ringing period straddles the old and new years. The reason for 108 peals of the bell has different theories. The most popular is that it is to take away the 108 human desires according to Buddhist beliefs.



Guarana

Guarana是北海道多年來一直受到歡迎的碳酸飲料。顏色為淡茶色,味道類似可樂和薑汁汽水之間。使用南美州原產的瓜拿納果實(又名巴西香可可),含有咖啡因和兒茶素。是為了要對抗可口可樂的熱賣所開發,1960年代販售在日本全國。北海道在可口可樂熱潮來臨前Guarana就很普及,結果至今Guarana幾乎只限定在北海道販賣。

Guarana is a carbonated drink which has had deep-rooted popularity in Hokkaido for decades. The color is light brown, and the taste is kind of between coke and ginger ale. Its main ingredient is the fruit of the Guarana plant. Guarana originated in South America. The drink contains caffeine and catechin. Guarana was invented in the late 1950’s to compete with cola drinks from the U.S.A, and it was sold throughout Japan. In Hokkaido, before cola spread, guarana had enjoyed a large share of the market. Ultimately cola gained control, with Guarana remaining popular predominantly in Hokkaido. As it is still popular only in Hokkaido; some producers restrict sale of the drink here only.


Ribbon NAPOLIN

Ribbon NAPOLIN (緞帶那不勒斯)是札幌啤酒集團旗下的飲料製造商所生產和銷售的碳酸飲料。誕生於1911年,1954年開始成為北海道限定商品。因此也受到來北海道觀光的日本觀光客的喜愛。使用甜椒的色素因此飲料呈現橘紅色。使用北海道產的飲用水和北海道產的甜菜所製作的砂糖來製造。

Ribbon NAPOLIN is a carbonated drink made and sold by one of the Sapporo Beer group of companies. This drink is over 100 years old, first released in 1911. Since 1954, it has been sold only in Hokkaido. This is why even Japanese people who don't live in Hokkaido are eager to drink this, and excited as they find in it. This drink gets it color from paprika so the color is orange though it doesn’t use orange fruit. Also, NAPOLIN uses Hokkaido water and sugar from sugar beet. The name is derived from Napoli in Italy, because it aimed for the bright image of the city.



薄野 / Susukino

薄野(SUSUKINO,位於札幌市中央區)是北日本最大的歡樂街。聚集了居酒屋等餐廳和酒吧,從經濟實惠到豪華的店都有。白天時大多數的店家都不營業,到了夜晚就非常熱鬧。12月是日本尾牙的季節因此會比平日還要多人。如同薄野的觀光協會網站也有寫到,大多認為這個地區治安良好。也有拉麵街。

Susukino is the biggest nightlife area in northern Japan. There are a lot of restaurants where visitors can find many famous and popular Japanese dishes and bars to have a drink. Almost all restaurants and bars are closed during the daytime and are just open at night, with some staying open until morning. Depending on one's budget, a visitor can enjoy a wide range of restaurants or bars, starting at reasonable prices through to luxury prices. In December, many more local people visit there for their Bounenkai (year-end party). As shown on the Susukino Tourism Association, Susukino is safe place even at night.